The Grey Chronicles

2009.May.10

Philippine Ecological Footprint, Part II

Filed under: Anecdotes,Commentary,Croppings,Long Grey Notes,Management,Philippines,Readings — reyadel @ 23:59
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After my post entitled How Big is My Footprint?, I noticed that the Philippine Ecological Footprint from 1961 to 2005 as published by Global Footprint Network mimicked the trend of the Philippine President’s approval rating (see Social Weather Stations, 2008). This is the second part of the series.

Philippine Ecological Footprint 1961-2008 [adapted from Global Footprint Network]

Philippine Ecological Footprint 1961-2008 (adapted from Global Footprint Network)

Cory Aquino regime started with a slightly higher Ecological Footprint, from the Marcos’ remnants at 0.8 gha. During this six-year term, the peak reached 1.0 gha, only to fall back to 0.9 gha during the turnover of power in 1992. During Aquino’s presidency, several Executive Orders [E.O.] were released in 1987: E.O. 192 mandated the Department of Energy and Natural Resources as the primary government agency responsible in the management, conservation and development of the country’ss forest lands including but not limited to watershed areas; E.O. 223 vested in the Philippine National Oil Corporation [PNOC] jurisdiction on the management of certain areas supporting hydropower and geothermal project; and E.O. 224 transferred the management of certain watershed area to the jurisdiction of National Power Corporation [NPC] pursuant to the energy-generating program of the government (PCARRD, 1999).

During Fidel V. Ramos (1992-1988) administration, the challenge of the natural environment took a center stage, and he made incredible efforts to protect the environment, starting with the National Integrated Protected Area System Act (R.A. 7586) in 1992. Several local business enterprises adopted in 1993 the Philippine Business Charter for Sustainable Development (NSC News, August, 1995). In April 1994, the first Macli-ing Dulag Environmental Achievement Awards were bestowed on corporate entities demonstrating deep commitment and outstanding achievements in protecting and conserving the environment (Illut, 1994). While the Philippine government contemplated the Kyoto Protocol, signing it on 15 April 1998, several landmark laws have been enacted in support of this gesture, such as the Philippine Mining Act of 1995 (R.A. 7942), the Water Crisis Act of 1995 (R.A. 8041), the Philippine Environment Code of 1996 (P.D. 1152), the creation of the Presidential Task Force on Water Resource Development and Management mandated by E.O. 374 on 15 October 1996, the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997 (R.A. 8435) and the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997 (R.A. 8371) (PCARRD, 1999). E.O. 247 or the Guidelines on Biological & Genetic Resources was approved on 18 May 1995. On February, the Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998 (R.A. 8550) was signed.

In 1999, a leftover from Ramos, the Philippine Clean Air Act (R.A. 8749) became law. This probably is the only tangible proof of Estrada’s commitment to the environment.


Notes:

Time Series graphic illustration taken from Footprint for Nations, specifically for the Philippines, and revised to indicate the Philippine President’s respective regime.

Balali, Macky (ed.) (1995), Protect and Preserve. NSC News, XX:8. Makati: Corporate Communications, National Steel Corporation, August 1995. pp. 8 – 10. back to text

Illut, Jek (1994), NSC Cited for Environmental Concern. NSC News, XIX:5, Makati: Corporate Communications, National Steel Corporation, 31 May, 1994. p. 13. back to text

Ewing B., S. Goldfinger, M. Wackernagel, M. Stechbart, S. M. Rizk, A. Reed and J. Kitzes (2008). The Ecological Footprint Atlas 2008, Oakland: Global Footprint Network, 28 October 2008, revised 16 December 2008. 87pp. back to text

Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development [PCARRD] (1999). Guidelines for Watershed Management and Development in the Philippines,. Los Baños, Laguna: PCARRD, DOST, 1999. p. 241. back to text

Social Weather Stations [SWS] (2008). Second Quarter 2008 Social Weather Survey: PGMA’s net rating falls to record-low —38. Online: Social Weather Stations, 18 July 2008. back to text

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change [UNFCCC] (2002). Guide to the Climate Change Convention Process, Bonn: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, March, 2002. 49pp. back to text

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change [UNFCCC] (2006). Kyoto Protocol Status of Ratification. Bonn: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2006. back to text

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