The Grey Chronicles

2009.May.9

Philippine Ecological Footprint, Part I

Filed under: Anecdotes,Commentary,Croppings,Long Grey Notes,Management,Philippines,Readings — reyadel @ 23:59
Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


After my post entitled How Big is My Footprint?, I noticed that the Philippine Ecological Footprint from 1961 to 2005 as published by Global Footprint Network mimicked the trend of the Philippine President’s approval rating (see Social Weather Stations, 2008).

Philippine Ecological Footprint 1961-2008 (adapted from Global Footprint Network)

Philippine Ecological Footprint 1961-2008 (adapted from Global Footprint Network)

The Ecological Footprint calculates the combined demand for ecological resources wherever they are located and presents them as the global average area needed to support a specific human activity (Ewing, et.al., 2008). The figure above tracks, in absolute terms, the average per person resource demand (Ecological Footprint) and per person resource supply (Biocapacity) in Philippines since 1961. Biocapacity varies each year with ecosystem management, agricultural practices (such as fertilizer use and irrigation), ecosystem degradation, and weather.

It is interesting to note that during the Marcos dictatorship, the Ecological footprint peaked at 1.3 Global hectares [gha] per capita in 1977 and declined until the 1986 People Power. Republic Act [R.A.] No. 3082 or the Five-year Soil Survey and Conservation Act took effect on 01 January 1962. Between 1975 to 1979, three Presidential Decrees [P.D.] were signed issued: P.D. 704 or the Philippine Fisheries Code of 1975; P.D. 705 (1975) the Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines; P.D. 825 (1975) penalizing improper garbage disposal; P.D. 856 (1975) codified Sanitation in the country; P.D. 984 (1976) revised R.A. 3931, commonly known as The Pollution Control Law. P.D. 1067 (1976) The Water Code of the Philippines governs the ownership, appropriation, utilization, exploitation, development, conservation and protection of water resources; and P.D. 1515 (1978) vested the jurisdiction and control over watershed reservations to the Ministry of Energy. P.D. 1151 (1977) outlined the Philippine Environmental Policy followed with P.D. 1152 (1977) known as the Philippine Environment Code, then P.D. 1586 (1978) establishing the Environmental Impact Statement System. In 1979, there were also Letters of Instructions [LOI], such as LOI 845 giving the Ministry of Energy the jurisdiction over all watershed areas and reservations; LOI 917 declared certain areas including critical watersheds and proclaimed watershed reservations as wilderness areas; and LOI 1002 vested the National Irrigation Administration [NIA] the authority to manage, develop and rehabilitate the watershed areas of Pantabangan and Magat Multi-Purpose Dam Projects (PCARRD, 1999). In 1981, Proclamation No. 2146 declared areas and types of projects as environmentally critical and within the scope of Environmental Impact Statement System. Withdrawal of Lead in Gasoline P.D. 2001 (November, 1985) established the gradual withdrawal of tetraethyl lead in gasoline and to use ethanol as substitute.


Notes:

Time Series graphic illustration taken from Footprint for Nations, specifically for the Philippines, and revised to indicate the Philippine President’s respective regime.

Balali, Macky (ed.) (1995), Protect and Preserve. NSC News, XX:8. Makati: Corporate Communications, National Steel Corporation, August 1995. pp. 8 – 10. back to text

Illut, Jek (1994), NSC Cited for Environmental Concern. NSC News, XIX:5, Makati: Corporate Communications, National Steel Corporation, 31 May, 1994. p. 13. back to text

Ewing B., S. Goldfinger, M. Wackernagel, M. Stechbart, S. M. Rizk, A. Reed and J. Kitzes (2008). The Ecological Footprint Atlas 2008, Oakland: Global Footprint Network, 28 October 2008, revised 16 December 2008. 87pp. back to text

Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development [PCARRD] (1999). Guidelines for Watershed Management and Development in the Philippines,. Los Baños, Laguna: PCARRD, DOST, 1999. p. 241. back to text

Social Weather Stations [SWS] (2008). Second Quarter 2008 Social Weather Survey: PGMA’s net rating falls to record-low —38. Online: Social Weather Stations, 18 July 2008. back to text

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change [UNFCCC] (2002). Guide to the Climate Change Convention Process, Bonn: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, March, 2002. 49pp. back to text

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change [UNFCCC] (2006). Kyoto Protocol Status of Ratification. Bonn: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2006. back to text

Disclaimer: The posts on this site does not necessarily represent any organization’s positions, strategies or opinions; and unless otherwise expressly stated, are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Philippines License.

Advertisements

Leave a Comment »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.

%d bloggers like this: