The Grey Chronicles

2009.April.6

Engineering Education in India, Epilogue



For the past three days, this blog attempted to understand the intricacies of becoming an engineer in India. This post summarizes the result of research, using the vast Internet resources.

There are various contrasting parts in Indian and Philippine engineering education. Some of these are: the organic law governing the practice, the duration of engineering study, the focus of subjects per discipline, and the path of becoming a full-pledged engineer.


Organic Laws

The higher education in India is governed by its National Policy for Education 1986 (modified in 1992). In the Philippines, during the Marital Law period, 1972-1983, (Doronilla, 1997) there was an increase in public tertiary schools as a result of the reorganization of the education system (Presidential Decree 6-A) that created 13 political regions and the Philippine Development Plan that:

“mandated the ‘training’ of manpower of middle level skills required for national development. In the context of this plan, new technical skills were needed for the export industrial zones to be set up in the country, and for the eventual policy of exporting technician labor for overseas contract work.”

The Philippines’ Commission on Higher Education (CHED) was established through Republic Act 7722 or the Higher Education Act of 1994 while the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) was established through Republic Act 7796. CHED was mandated by law to oversee the higher education system in the country. It is tasked to set and enforce minimum standards for academic programs; supervise both private and public institutions; direct research activities; rationalize higher education programs and develop centers of excellence. It has direct supervisory authority over private and public colleges and universities that offer higher education degree. TESDA is now the national agency that sets standards, coordinates, monitors and allocates resources for technical education and vocational training in the country (Pascua-Valenzuela, 2005). Under the CHED, a Technical Panel for Engineering [TPE] oversee the engineering curriculum.

In India, the CHED function is taken by the University Grant Commission. The All India Council for Technical Education is India’s equivalent of the Philippine TPE.


Duration of Study

Indian education is premised by the 10+2 scheme beginning at five years old, i.e., primary of five years, secondary for five years plus two years higher secondary. Engineering undergraduate programs are designed to be completed within four (4) years. In the Philippines, beginning at seven years old, primary education is six years, while secondary is four years. Engineering undergraduate degrees are designed to be completed in five years.

Indian engineering students enrol for undergraduate studies at the age of 17-18 years old and finish it four years later. Philippine engineering students also enrol for undergraduate studies at similar age group but finish it a year later than Indian engineering students.


Becoming an Engineering Student

In India, prospective engineering students take the All India Engineering Examinations for either the Indian Institute of Technology or regional universities. In the Philippines, a National College Entrance Examination [NCEE] is given to gain entrance on higher education. Aside from that, a prospective engineering student can also be required to take the respective university’s admission examinations independent of the results of the NCEE.


Engineering Subjects

In India, the students of Bachelor of Engineering [B.E.] and Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] for any engineering degree begins with a one-year common curriculum. The curriculum emphasis is on the rudimentary sciences and humanities. The next three years, the student takes core subjects in the chosen fields, particularly engineering sciences and professional subjects.

In the Philippines, the engineering education is based on a ladderized approach, whereby after three years of study, the student earns a diploma in engineering technology. The next two years are specialized subjects of the chosen specialty, and a Bachelor of Science [B.S.] degree is granted. The first three years of engineering education consists of languages, humanities and other sciences to include mathematics, plus the basic subjects in engineering.


Becoming an Engineer

A Civil Service examination is taken by an Engineering graduate to become an engineer in India. In the Philippines, an engineering graduate has to take a Professional Regulatory Commission’s Board or Licensure Examinations for engineering to become a Registered Engineer. Although a Filipino engineer may opt to take a Civil Service examination, just for the sake of taking it, the prestige of taking a Licensure examination is given much more weight than a a Civil Service eligibility.

In India, to become a Chartered Engineer, experience is the key. In the Philippines, it is necessary to take another Board Examinations to become a Professional Engineer, after taking the necessary Licensure examinations for Registered Engineer.


Epilogue

Thus, while the Filipinos might lack the length in years of pre-baccalaureate education compared to 10+2 in India, the five-year duration of engineering education is possibly enough to take care of its late start in primary.


Notes:

Doronila, Ma. Luisa C. (1997). A Research and Development Approach to the Delivery of Comprehensive Functional Education and Literacy in the Philippines. Paper presented at the Asia Literacy Regional Forum, Manila, Philippines, 5-9 May 1997, p. 9. back to text

Pascua-Valenzuela, Dr. Ethel Agnes (2005). Trends and Issues on Philippine Higher Education. Paper presented at the Eighth Session of the Regional Convention of Studies, Diplomas and Degrees in Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific 24-25 May 2005 , Kunming, China. back to text

Disclaimer: The posts on this site does not necessarily represent any organization’s positions, strategies or opinions; and unless otherwise expressly stated, are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Philippines License.

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