The Grey Chronicles


What Annoys Filipinos?

Each individual has these quirks and ticks that annoys them. Filipinos are not immune. Here’s a list of things that annoys Filipinos:

Body odor. Filipinos can smell body odor a mile away. We have a supernatural sense of smell that even if someone applied perfume all over to mask the odor, the Filipino nose would likely smell it. Filipinos might not utter a single word about it, as a sign of invasion of privacy, but they sure would make it known through their body language, or subtle innuendos such as giving you soap and shampoo as a birthday gift, is a typical example. The most obvious response would be for a Filipino to get the hell away from someone reeking with strong body odor. Filipinos are a tickler for personal hygiene. A bath is different from a face wash.

Any person who looks down on him. Filipinos are a proud race. Filipinos believe that everyone is considered worthy of respect and the more important the person the more humbleness and generosity is expected. Filipinos would not readily or publicly announce themselves as an expert of something, regardless of what qualifications or credentials they might have or toiled for. Thus, most will abhor someone with less experience telling him how to do his job. The other extreme of the spectrum, most Filipinos find it peculiar when rich people refuse to talk to people of lower social status. Yet, a limp handshake with the ‘powers-might-be’, or for that matter: foreigners, is socially acceptable.

An air of superiority in a person or a person who treats him like a servant. Being under the Spanish rule for more than 300 years, this boils down to the concept of being called Indios, a misnomer contrived by Spanish rulers mistakenly classifying the Philippine natives then as the distant relatives of American Indians. Call a Filipino by his given name, never his last name, and he feels very elated because he is proud to know that a superior knows him personally.

A foreigner who says that is the way we do it back home. Like the Not Invented Here! syndrome, most Filipinos would not likely take something on face value, but rather a “new” idea is curiously tested out to prove its worth before his acceptance. Once the idea is obvious or rightfully proven, you might find that the Filipino himself becomes the endorser of the truth about that idea. Not that Filipinos are unwittingly gullible, but most cater to the oft-repeated words: “To see is to believe!” Assertiveness, pride, aggressiveness, frankness and familiarity are considered Western traits. For Filipinos, however, virtues like politeness, humility, modesty and passiveness are more greatly admired in a person. One is expected to be modest in speech and not boastful, even if someone is the boss, or especially if one is the boss!

Minute attention to small details or being told to hurry up. For most Filipinos, linear time is a succession of moments with a fixed starting point and a fixed ending point. For some Filipinos, however, there is the cyclical concept of time where time is a succession of moments without a fixed starting point nor a fixed ending point. This is manifested by the infamous mañana habit. Some Filipinos consider time flexible and unlimited. What can be done today can always be accomplished tomorrow, so why hurry? Licuanan (1994) wrote:

“Unplanned or unanticipated events are never overly disturbing or disorienting as the flexible Filipino adjusts to whatever happens. We possess a tolerance for ambiguity that enables us to remain unfazed by uncertainty or lack of information.”

A blunt and overly frank person. For Filipinos, directness and frankness are rude and brutal. Compared to other nationalities, especially Westerners, Filipinos are sensitive and easily humiliated. They would avoid someone who strongly disagrees with his opinion in a discussion. You can disagree with him but not strongly. Filipinos are also annoyed to receive criticism from someone who is not his superior. This goes with the concept of losing face or mukha. Remember to apply: Interaction Management [IM]. When correcting a Filipino, don’t go straight to the point. Talk about something pleasant first. In delivering your correction be as diplomatic as possible. Most Filipinos cannot take a direct, black and white declaration of his mistake, especially in public. Do not use harsh tone of voice. Do not curse. Give a Filipino a way out of a situation so he can save his face. After a correction has been made, follow-up with an inquiry about some personal concern such as his family, or his health. This would appease his bruised ego and show that you have at least considered his feelings. Remember, Lorenzana (2006) wrote:

“Filipinos put a premium on peace. They avoid conflict whenever possible and when it exists they try to settle it in a nonconfrontational way.”

Race prejudice. Filipinos are easily annoyed by the ignorance foreigners show about his own native land or foreigners who write about the Philippines without knowing too much about it. Although, the Philippines is a third-world country, most Filipinos believe that others should not rub it in their noses. Not all Filipinos speak Tagalog or reside in Manila. Or just because he grew up in a province means that he is unsophisticated. Filipinos are proud of their native land, however, dire situations they are in, at least they definitely have something to call home: a place to be who they are and be themselves.

People who demand a yes or no answer. An average Filipino will say “yes” when: He does not know; wants to impress or please; is annoyed; wants to end a conversation; half-understands the instruction or what is being said; or is not sure of himself. More often than not, the Filipino says “yes” when he thinks he knows better than the one speaking to him. For all other cases, usually Filipinos agree weakly instead of giving a flat refusal of “no”. “Maybe”, “perhaps”, or “I’ll try” are usual answers to questions to which a Westerner would really say “No”. This is because of the Filipino desire to please in spite of the negative response. To interpret the meaning of this “I’ll try” or such similar vague answers, require only a little persuasion to change the “I’ll try” to a reluctant “yes” or an apologetic “no”. Beware, though: when a Filipino frequently nods in the middle of a conversation, which simply means: I understand what are you saying, but it does not mean yes.

People who take credit for what is accomplished in joint efforts. This is a no-no, or one might end up being cut down to size for publicly taking credit for an act or claims any kind of superiority over his in-group. If the task on hand was made by joint efforts, acknowledge it as such. Filipinos want to be given credit for any participation which results to the productivity of the whole. Licuanan (1994) wrote:

Pakikipagkapwa-tao (regard for others) is manifested in a basic sense of justice and fairness, and in concern for others. It is demonstrated in the Filipino’s ability to empathize with others, in helpfulness and generosity in times of need (pakikiramay), in the practice of bayanihan or mutual assistance, and in the famous Filipino hospitality.”


Lorenzana , Angela E. (2006), Galit: The Filipino Emotion Word for ‘Anger’. Paper presented at Tenth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics (10-ICAL). 17-20 January 2006. Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines. 13pp. back to text

Licuanan, Patricia. A Moral Recovery Program: Building A People–Building A Nation. Values in Philippine Culture and Education. Philippine Philosophical Studies I, edited by Manual B. Dy, Jr. Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change, Series III, Asia, Volume 7. Washington: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 1994. back to text

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 LicenseDisclaimer: The posts herein do not necessarily represent any organization’s positions, strategies or opinions. Read the full version of self-imposed rules for this blog: A New Year; New Rules. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the posts are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License. Comments are moderated to keep the discussion relevant and civil. Readers are responsible for their own statements.



  1. Phillippinios dominate in the hospitality industry of the San Francisco Bay Area. Thousands work at the SFO airport, and many more in the hotels and restaurants. They can be utterly charming and sycophantic but also infuriatingly passive-aggressive. A simple request for information seems to bring out the liar/dissembler in them; they cannot give an accurate or truthful answer, but begin the usual mumbo-jumbo, what we locals call the Philipppino “ramadamadingdong” reply. With such blather, they’re able to evade real work and responsibility, since one quickly learns to avoid them and scarcely would think to ask them something needing a truly accurate reply. Cruise ships are full of them and passengers complain that they do indeed keep smiling – while they wiggle out of work or admitting fault or not admitting that something is not available.

    I work as a tourguide in San Francisco. When I approach certain hotels where male Philippinos work as valets and doormen, I can guarantee that each time they will play a silly game with my guests. They see the bus outside the door and the people there inside it waiting for that particular hotel’s guests. I wait a second to see if the non-flip doorman will send down the proper waiting guests. If no one does so, I waste time going up stairs and into the lobby to search for the guests – which is the doorman’s job.

    One important reason, if you do wonder, why a doorman should do so, is the simple fact that these hotels are on hills and on major one-way streets. A double-parked bus blocks traffic and causes trouble, not to mention risk to everyone.

    As soon as I approach the big doors, the Flip doorman will call out the name of my tourcompany as if he suddenly realized that the bus (which comes every day, quite predictable and very visible) has arrived.

    Now my strategy is to avoid whichever door he monitors and take a side door, then go into the lobby and take my time – use the restroom, peruse a newspaper or my cellphone. This will infuriate him because he WANTED me to come up the steps but then IMMEDIATELY be sent down again by the emerging, just-notified guests.

    Any SF Bay Area native quickly learns to go AROUND these people to get done what needs to be done, and if it is in a critical setting, such as in hospitals where lower-level personnel are often of this type, then by persistence a patient or a family member can get a nonflip to handle questions.

    It would interest me to know WHY this culture from 7000 islands is so perverted in its view of the First World lifestyle, but then again, why try to communicate with people who love to dissemble and obfuscate and befuddle and lie? Best to know the way to handle it: feign the stupidity that the Flip in front of you is showing you himself. You don’t get what he says, and you keep on getting it wrong, and act as retarded/slow as it needs to be to get a manager (nonFlip) to come and handle a serious matter.

    Otherwise, just ignore them!

    Comment by Mark McGreevey — 2014.January.3 @ 00:24 | Reply

    • Thanks for your eloquent response.

      Comment by reyadel — 2015.March.17 @ 05:20 | Reply

  2. How do elderly Filipinos feel about their sons marrying white women? Do you think they are against it? My Filipino father-in-law secretly hates me I think and it makes me want to get divorced. My father-in-law won’t hug me or shake my hand and refuses to talk to me on the phone. I dread having to go visit him because he is so critical of how I raise his granddaughter. Westerners, especially the non-Catholic ones are less strict than native Filipinos are with their own kids. My husband won’t confront his father about this because he does not want to upset his father, because his father is set in his ways. How can I get past this?

    Comment by Shara — 2011.December.3 @ 21:44 | Reply

    • I am not an expert on these matters, but have you tried talking to him in person about this situation? Find something common between you and your father-in-law, e.g., a hobby maybe, or a love for something. Talk about common interests then subtly entice him to talk about your personal relationship as father-in-law to daughter-in-law. Some of us Filipinos are shy talking about our feelings, but when we open up to another person, we do usually form a bond that could last a lifetime. Just hang in there, I do hope the cloud of doubt clears in time, or as soon as you have that heart-to-heart talk.

      Comment by reyadel — 2011.December.4 @ 16:40 | Reply

  3. First off, thank you for your post. I don’t know the entire validity of your post but this is a good forum that you have started. I believe that we should all try to understand/respect one another; this dialogue is a good start. I don’t know very much at all about Filipinos and I’m trying to change that. I work side-by-side with a Filipino women in a warehouse and we have very different personalities. I know that some of this is due to her individual personality clashing with mine but a couple of things stood out in your post. The thing that you started off–about Filipinos being sensitive to odor– with I can attest to in my experience with her. Though, she openly says that I smell! I take a shower before work each day, wear deodorant, etc. I take care of myself! :D She held her nose even and claimed that I smelled like beer and throw up! I just joked about it with her and despite that, she seems like a friendly person–as long as we can work together. However, my coworker and I have had an abrupt falling out. I would say that I am a blunt/frank person, I enjoy small talk at work, and am even completely over the top, at times. I have a great sense of humor, my opinion of course, but I do pay attention to signs/body language. I approached getting to know or joking with my coworker because it was easy to see that she was sensitive to things. Like I said, I don’t know if this is all her individual traits or what–wondering if you might be able to shed some light on this and further the discussion, is all; I’m curious. She seemed very friendly at first and I was very comfortable to a degree joking and talking with her; she also frequently slaps a playful hand at your arm. Eventually, I kindly made fun and said you should do that sparingly–it seemed that it was just something that she did. I started to catch her before she would hit my arm and kind of turn it into a high five, when I had a chance to. She was strange to me so I asked her about the Philippines and she was open but my curiosity rubbed her the wrong way I guess–I want to sincerely know– and she began to just flat out ignore me at times. She started to show a conservative side of her and its difficult to describe. From the beginning, she did seem very paranoid about things. She mentioned that we were being watched by cameras and that so-and-so talked about her–better yet, she used terminology like ‘fake’, ‘people talking behind peoples back’, etc. People do in fact do that at work but mostly it is to the tune of,”Yeah, she thinks people are talking about her.” I noticed she moves without regard to people; she will walk right in front of your path, and just cut you off. I started to think that she is just rude and inconsiderate. Here I was, trying to be friendly and was indifferent. I don’t want to be best buds; I don’t need that; just get along. Another thing that you mentioned, though, about being corrected came up. When we were still talking freely, though she seemed to pick and choose when she wanted to talk, I had noticed that she did something and it failed every time she did it. She has worked there for close to ten years and I myself only four months. She had complained about how I did my work openly at times so I tried to make light and approach it nicely–offer advice–but it didn’t go over well. This edginess of hers just grew and grew and it is similar to mood swings, I’d say, but she still did that arm, tease, thing that I have a hard time describing. I don’t think it was that, in particular, but she often just ignored me lately. When she came in and I would say,”Hi!”, she just ignored me. A few days ago, I ignored her–something I don’t ever remember blatantly doing to another person. At the end of the shift, she did something involving my work and it was something I was responsible for–long story short. I asked her to please be cautious not to do a certain thing and she just did it and said, “What do you care?” I had had it. I was everything but rude to her, in my eyes, and I said some things that I shouldn’t have said. I wish I hadn’t met ugly with ugly but I did and now we do not talk at all. We work very few hours together and due to the personality/culture clash I feel more comfortable just not talking and making it to the end of the day. I am easy to talk to and normally quick to be the first to apologize but I actually think that I’m more comfortable with my personal space and not trying to talk to this obsessive, paranoid person. Maybe you can dissect a little of this and/or identify some things that pop out at you. I honestly look at this as a learning experience and a way to hone my patience with unique, proud people anywhere and everywhere. Thank you again.

    Comment by willatups — 2011.November.17 @ 14:00 | Reply

  4. I agree with the part about Filipino’s not liking confrontation. You tell them the truth about themselves and they tend to give you the silent treatment after. I have noticed a lot of passive agressiveness in this culture.
    You ask a Filipino why they are giving you the silent treatment and they will not be truthful and say that you hurt their feelings. I am saying this out of experience because my husband is Filipino and his family won’t admit that they are wrong when they are rude to me. They just deny, deny, deny, like I am stupid and when I leave the room they talk crap about me in Tagalog.

    Comment by Shara — 2011.September.22 @ 23:37 | Reply

    • The passive aggressiveness is typical for some Filipinos because we fear of losing face or some would rather not accept or even care the truth about something. The silent treatment is obviously the passive part, while the aggressive part could be talking behind your back or even in your face. Repetitive denial could also be part of subtle aggression, short of a steadfast conviction, that telling Filipinos the truth was only meant to hurt one’s feelings, beliefs, etc. As we say in the dialect, “Truth hurts.” In reality, however, “Truth heals.” Moreover, there are some of us Filipinos valuing more the hurt than the healing power of truth. Thanks for sharing your personal experience.

      Comment by reyadel — 2011.September.23 @ 01:30 | Reply

      • Thank you for your kind insight and for helping me to better understand the Filipino culture. I love my husband very much, sometimes the culture shock is too much for the both of us, but I see many same race couples who do not have the level of commitment that we have for one another. I will try to be less frank and more gentle with my delivery of confrontation. -Shara

        Comment by Shara — 2011.September.24 @ 05:35 | Reply

  5. My job is not illustrious and I currently work with a Filipina who bullies me. I am American born and raised. I always liked her. I thought we got along well as co-workers. But she became incensed with me over a small work issue (that I instantly corrected, thanked her for pointing out to me, apologized for any confusion, etc,). Her response was to tell me that another one of our co workers (also from the philippines) was good to bully me, because I am not a competent worker. She then threatened to take me to HR if the mistake happened again. (It was a mistake that was harmful to no one and nothing to lose face over.) I was shocked at this response and requested that we both go to human resources department together, because I couldn’t imagine what was still so upsetting, would she please explain. She then called me the equivalent of a bimbo and told me she would report me for harrassment if I asked a question of her ever again. I went to HR immediately on my own after that to explain the situation and ask what I could’ve done to provoke such hostility.
    Since then, she makes jokes of me, tells lies about me and does not speak to me.
    This is the third co worker from the Philippines that has become a bully towards me.
    This is very disturbing! Especially because I have an affection for all things Philippino! My mother is caucasian American but spent alot of time in the Philippines. Her father was a US diplomat and lived there briefly, and my mother loved the country and lived there as a foreign exchange student even after her family went back to the states. My mother sang me songs in tagalog, made Philippino foods could dance the Tinikling and talked about her time there all her life. I met her “foster family” several times when members would visit the US. We watched hundreds of slides from her life there on Bohol once a year at Christmas time.
    But perhaps this is not wise to bring up? Also, I do not believe in any god/s and these people all have been curious as to any religious affiliation I may have and I have none.
    Some of my fellow Americans deem atheists as worthless—could the discovery of my lack of belief in any supernatural entities be the culprit of my being a favorite for Philippine co workers to harrass and humiliate? Is it my enthusiasm for their country’s culture that is off putting?
    Please help! I have never been bullied by anyone else but 3 people from the philippines in all my life. One was a lady I worked with 14 years ago (I quit because of her!) and one man at the place I work now (which did not bother me so much and I did not associate it with him being Filipino) and now this lady at the place I work now–so now two Filipinos are mean to me at work. No one else is. What is it? And why will they not address me when I ask what has been done to offend or how can things be made better?

    Comment by Theresa — 2011.February.5 @ 10:38 | Reply

    • As a Filipino, not Philippino, I am not surprised that your encounter with three Filipinos might make you think that we Filipinos are all the same. Regardless of nationality, everyone of us are equally different persons. We have to deal with EACH person within our own concept of human relations.
      As am I not privy to what work environment or the corporate culture, among other things, that you are in, I personally cannot help you with your situation, but probably talking things with her would be a key to whatever bone of contention between the two of you.

      Comment by reyadel — 2011.February.10 @ 20:12 | Reply

  6. dude,why you do not publish my comment?
    you are a real hypocrite doing this articles and then applying censorship If i do not kiss your ass on lies and misperceptions.
    stop fooling others,that is the exact reason of people like you that this country will never progress and get out of the gutter.
    you are doing a damage to you and to your own
    tang ina mo!!!!!

    Comment by jack"hammer" — 2010.September.6 @ 14:11 | Reply

    • I was nursing my sick son thus I was not able to attend to your comment. I was off-line for three days and was not able to visit the web.
      I am not asking for readers to kiss my ass, but you don’t have to be rude. I do not censor comments for or against any of my posts. Sometimes, dude, my personal life takes precedence over blogging.
      Please re-read the disclaimer below each post. Are you sure you are being civil?

      Comment by reyadel — 2010.September.7 @ 17:51 | Reply

  7. Obviously there are 8 out of 9 points here that are completely out of essential truth,most of It has been distorted and It is just a justification to cover up the bad social habits,the constant covetousness that breathes and disturbs the peace of mind of a Filipino, lack of general self esteem that is hidden under the subconscious that eats the Filipinos alive by living in utter denial,for instance the repetitive question that is address to foreigners of”why,and what are you doing here??”and then share their feeling of wishing their lives away of getting the hell out of their own country, that is hidden under the subconscious that eats the Filipinos alive,history has proven the opposite of all that has been mentioned plus all you have to do apart of reading the history out of “Americanized twisted concepts to fulfill their secret International politic agenda)Plus the number of families that I can count with the number of fingers of my hand that run and own this country as they please(more than 75 years of ripping off,justifying and bending the truth jusst reaping the seed of lies that the Americans International administration and the general Mac Arthur planted in the heart of national History),you have to be present here in the Philippines to observe,experience and realize for yourself like any other who lives here,that this article is based on lies that is the product of the butterfly effect or rip effect that the American policy propaganda started and the Filipino fallen victim of such atrocities keeps on living and believing that It is defended and fence off whoever dares to expose It.

    Comment by jack "hammer" — 2010.September.6 @ 13:25 | Reply

  8. Advantageously, the article is really the sweetest on this precious topic. I harmonise with your conclusions and will thirstily look forward to your next updates. Saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the exceptional clarity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates. Gratifying computer work and much success in your business efforts!

    Comment by Michaelescov — 2010.April.26 @ 14:07 | Reply

  9. I echo Brandon. That is a great post. You expressed very eloquently and preceptively a lot of the truths I’ve found about Filipinos. I was stationed there for 3 years and married a wonderful Filipina. I’ve returned to visit my wife’s family many times and been all over Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. I love the Filipino people. I call the Philippines “The Land of the Beautiful People”. When they hear something they don’t necessarily agree with, most will smile, nod ‘yes’, not argue and then just go on their merry way. Amercians love to argue and we are fanatic about our sense of right and wrong. Filipinos are accepting of unfairness and inequities in life. They are in general so patient and easy-going, accepting and tolerant. They are really nice people and we have a lot to learn from them. And by the way, I have met and befriended hundreds of Filipinos (I make friends far more easily there than I do here in Boston)and other than living on the street-types, I have not met one Filipino who has an odor problem. That is a racist slander!

    Comment by Ryan Connolly — 2010.March.18 @ 14:03 | Reply

    • Thanks for your comment! You just given me an idea for another post!
      Sometimes, our being patient, accepting and tolerant are seen by others as timidity or aloofness. Others see these as our weakness or character flaw. Sometimes, we Filipinos let things as they are and let it be. But when push comes to shove, Filipinos can also stand on their own and fight.

      Comment by reyadel — 2010.March.18 @ 18:06 | Reply

  10. there are filipinos who treat their fellow filipinos this way. so the former do not want to be treated that way yet treat another the same way.

    Comment by carnation — 2010.February.19 @ 01:26 | Reply

  11. Are you kidding? Flips are the ones that tend to smell–something like a tortilla factory. I really don’t understand why.

    Comment by Jane — 2010.January.13 @ 06:11 | Reply

  12. Wonderful posting , You’ve definately hit the
    nail on the head, I just don’t understand why people quite get what you’re saying.
    I don’t know how many people I’ve talked to concerning this very
    thing in the past week, and they just can’t get it.

    , Excellent post!

    Comment by BrandonSchlichter — 2009.December.16 @ 18:06 | Reply

  13. hi! i am cristine, a 3rd year bs psychology student at a university here in Bulacan. At the moment, i, together with my partner is working on a test construct regarding filipino negative emotion specifically on “INIS” (irritation, annoyance). I just wanted to ask what could have been the ground or boundaries of inis and galit. Is Inis a different thing from anger? in what clear ways can you say that they are different? or they only mean the same thing? anything that you know could contibute well to my study and will be much appreciated. I hope to hear a positive response from you soon Thanks in advance.


    Comment by cristine guizano — 2009.March.12 @ 07:18 | Reply

    • Unfortunately, I am not a psychology major but an registered electrical engineer. The post was based on my readings on Filipinos’ values. One of those readings was Lorenzana (2006) as referenced to this blog. Based on that article, we could basically say that ‘Galit‘ is somewhat like the English word for ‘Anger’ while ‘Inis‘ is similar to, as you identified correctly, into the English ‘Irritation’ or ‘Annoyance’. But considering semantics, the English ‘Anger’ is defined as an emotional state that may range from minor irritation to intense rage. Anger is the sequence of insult, unconscious revenge (and real violence), and forgiveness. That is why I like Lorenzana’s take on ‘Galit‘. She specified that word in a Filipino context.

      To us Filipinos, however, there is a whole lot of difference between ‘Galit‘ and ‘Inis‘. ‘Galit‘ can be upon a person because of some ‘unrightable’ wrongdoing especially involving difference in opinion or values, such as ‘galit sa magnanakaw‘ or to parts of the physical world, such as the oft-repeated ‘galit sa mundo!‘ The Filipino ‘inis‘, however, which can also be translated into ‘minor anger’, or roughly similar to the English words: irritation or annoyance, can be upon familiar persons because of some pardonable offense, such as ‘kaka-inis ka naman, tagal mong dumating!‘.

      Filipinos are not ‘inis‘ just because of an insult (especially when it concern our ‘pagkatao‘ or ‘pamilya‘), or violence (murder, or heinous crimes)! We tend to bestow ‘galit‘ on such occasions. Also, the difference is the length of time ‘galit‘ or ‘inis‘ can be carried on. ‘Galit‘ can last a longer time than ‘inis‘. Yet, in some form, ‘inis‘ can transform into ‘anger’ or ‘galit‘, especially if the offense, although pardonable at first, is often repeated, and thus the offense becomes somewhat unpardonable. Or a multitude of ‘inis‘ can become ‘galit‘ in long-term! For Filipinos, though, both ‘galit‘ and ‘inis‘ seeks forgiveness, and the act of forgiving is much easier in ‘inis‘ than in ‘galit‘. ‘Inis‘ can disappear for as simple as a smile, affection or some gift; while ‘galit‘ can only be appeased through long discussions or a third-party negotiation.

      Hope, I have given you some thoughts to ponder on.

      Comment by reyadel — 2009.March.12 @ 17:53 | Reply

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